[Surina Bhatt] In What Way Has the Bretton Woods Conference Created a Hegemonic Structure In the International System?

“The past is never dead. It isn’t even past” – William Faulkner The Bretton Woods conference (1944), was an agreement on how the new world would be re-funded and re-constructed after WWII (Schifferes, 2008) (Del Castillo, 2010). The word ‘new world’ is used since the economies of Britain, Germany and Japan were decimated after the war. This […]

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[Victoria Dittmar] If the conflict between insurgents and counterinsurgents is ‘a competition in government’ then what is the nature of the government offered through counterinsurgency rule?

Counterinsurgency has been the most common form of warfare for the West since the end of the Second World War (Sitaraman, 2012; Kilcullen, 2013). From the anti-colonial uprisings against European Empires to the latest US-led campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan, what has been at stake in these conflicts are arguably no longer material gains disputed […]

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[Jae Hyun Jung] Security Dilemma

Security issues are among the most contested and profound in the study of political science. At the centre of this problem lies on how to save people from a possible danger and threat in the international system and increase the well-being of citizens. Although the solution of the question can be pursued from different political […]

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[Kaiho Uwafune] Anarchy is What States of It? Yes.

This essay will argue that “anarchy is what states make of it” as social knowledge produced by states’ interactions influence their identities and interests in turn determining state behaviour (Debrix, 2002). Alexander Wendt’s work, “Anarchy is what states make of it: the social construction of power politics” made him a representative social constructivist in international […]

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[Guan Huang] Are the Recent Developments of China’s Diplomatic Activities Fulfilling Its Contender State Status?

This essay seeks to understand the correlations between some of the new developments in China’s recent diplomatic activities and the fact of it being a contender state, and tries to argue that these developments conducted under the foreign policies of the said country are in fact a direct reflection of it’s contender status because first […]

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[Victoria Dittmar] Bringing Structural Realism Back: A Critique to Wendt’s (1992) ‘Anarchy is What State Make of It’

Alexander Wendt wrote in 1992 his well-known essay ‘Anarchy is what states make of it’, where he criticised rationalist theories, especially structural realism, and their assumption of anarchy. This paper will criticise Wendt’s arguments back from a structural realist perspective, concentrating on the work of Kenneth Waltz in Theory of International Politics (1979). It is […]

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[Guan Huang] Is Realism Morally Defensible?

Introduction This essay will look into the moral defensibility of political realism as an International Relations theory and seek to argue that classical realism is morally defensible in that although most classical realists repel the idea of moral universalism (Diez et al, 2011 and Dunne and Schmidt, 2014), the notion of morality is genuinely included […]

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